The development section of the 10th anniversary of the Model conference deals with cooperation in providing access to drinking water. Sufficient access to drinking water and adequate sanitation is the key for economic development and increase in quality of life on global level. That is why the main goal of the Development section is to create room for multilateral negotiations on the international cooperation in providing access to drinking water. Delegates of multiple developed and developing countries, which include countries rich and poor on water resources, have been invited to represent various attitudes towards the way of solving this problem. The following topics have been selected as prior for these negotiations: means of cooperation, financing and the extent of public and private sector participation.
HEAD OF SECTION Juraj Pálka
The head of the development section of the Model Conference FMV 2017 is Juraj Pálka. Juraj with the representatives from countries – Bolivia, India, Israel, Republic of South Africa, Canada, Saudi Arabia and EU – are trying to create space for multilateral negotiations on the international cooperation in providing access to drinking water. Juraj coordinates the delegates, communicates with the president of the Model Conference FMV 2017, supervisors and mentor. His main task is to write drafts, which determine the common structure for individual countries standpoints and subsequent negotiations.
BOLIVIA Adela Vencelová, Mária Odrášková, Antónia Duláková
Water belongs to the basic human need, although Bolivia is characterized by its deficiency. Water resources play an important role in the economic development and rights of citizens. Even though the country has significant reserves of water, the problem is located in its distribution and therefore it is necessary to modernize this area. The aim of the country is to solve with this problem through projects on national as well as on the international level. In the case of the commodity, Bolivia is a supporter of development aid.
INDIA Veronika Ontková, Ivana Kovalčíková, Ivana Sotáková
The ongoing growth of Indian population creates pressure on all of the natural resources but most all water. The biggest problem is insufficient quality of water. Although India has made progress in providing clean water there are big differences between different regions of the country. India is ready to make all the efforts in order to achieve an international agreement, which would lead to efficient, sustainable, and transparent mechanism aimed at supporting countries having issues with lack of drinking water and poor sanitation.
ISRAEL Ivana Strajňáková, Marko Ondo, Nikolas Ščepko
60% of the land of Israel is desert and the rest is arid. Rainfall has fallen to half its 1948 average, Israel’s population has grown 10-fold, the country’s economy grew 70-fold. But instead of starting to waste water, as happens when a society becomes wealthier, it used its new affluence to implement “the Israel model” of water management. In a process lasting decades, Israel’s water sector has improved markedly through innovations in technologies, practices and long-term plans. By promoting variety of the projects and policies implemented so far, we can say that Israel was able to successfully exploit its capacities and so it is suitable example of the possibility of providing access to clean water and adequate sanitation for people currently lacking such an access in developing countries, what is the main aim of the Model Conference´s negotiations. In this point, we the delegation of the State of Israel, are willing to share our know-how so far invented and implemented and to encourage The Plurinational State of Bolivia, Republic of India, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Republic of South Africa, in international negotiation and cooperation containing Canada and The European Union; with the aim to come to common positon on implementing our, Israeli, technologies and patents in those countries already lucking access to clear water and by doing so establish not only disposable but long lasting cooperation among participating parties and the State of Israel as the world leader in the water issues.
SOUTH AFRICA Lívia Kohániová, Lenka Kardošová, Roman Gdovjak
Ensuring a sufficient supply of high quality water for the whole population is a long-term challenge for the government of South Africa. Other issues that South Africa has to face are a lack of water infrastructure, the provision of sanitation of water resources and uneven distribution of water resources to all residents. South Africa is therefore open to international cooperation and wants to engage in a global dialogue that would bring improvement in the situation and would lead to sustainable and inclusive growth. It is also ready to provide other states its experience gained from the successes already achieved in ensuring sufficient water volume for all citizens.
CANADA Miroslava Sovíková, Adriana Masárová, Yuriy Leso
Water touches all of our lives and is a significant factor in the economy of all sectors. Canada has substantial water resources and a range of water resource management challenges. Many actions to meet these challenges reflect the increasing use of integrated water resource management approaches for freshwater environments. Canadian researchers are helping to strengthen these actions by building the knowledge base that enables Canadians to use water more productively. Canada is working with countries and communities around the world to share this expertise and experience. Canada recognizes the importance of water issues to sustainable development in developing countries and economies in transition. As a supporter of the international cooperation in creation of a transparent, efficient and progressive system of the development assistance that will ensure the access to water is Canada helping to meet global commitments to integrated management worldwide and to reach a mutually acceptable consensus upon a strategy on providing access to clean water and adequate sanitation.
KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA Erika pivolusková, Michaela Rojáková, Kristína Husárová
Water supply and sanitation in Saudi Arabia is characterized by significant investments in seawater desalination, water distribution, sewerage and wastewater treatment leading to a substantial increase in access to drinking water and sanitation over the past decades. As our Kingdom consist principally of dry plains and deserts, 50% of our water resources depend on desalination, 40% from the mining of non-renewable groundwater,which ceteris paribus is estimated to last next 13 years and 10% from surface water. Given the substantial oil wealth, water is provided almost for free, but despite improvements service quality remains insufficient. Our future intention is to internationally cooperate with countries, which are technologically more developed in this issue and make investments to countries less developed as we are, because access to drinking water and improved sanitation should be the base stone for healthy growing economies. We think that the next step to our Kingdom is consultation with more experienced „players“.
EUROPEAN UNION Regina Hájosová, Ivana Jančovičová and Mária Minarovičová
Water is one of the basic needs of humans and other living organisms. In addition, access to water is a prerequisite for economic and social development of countries. Despite the fact that the European Union does not suffer from water shortages, considers problems of access to clean water and management of water resources important. The European Union and its Member States acknowledge the need to take action on improving water management policies, as well as on international cooperation.